It’s been a year of excitement and tragedy, change and wonder. Come with us on a journey back through the big events of 2017 …
Trump takes over
The billionaire businessman Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States and kicked off a stormy year of angry posts on social media, rocky relations with world leaders, and big changes at home.
Teddies help with Bourke Street trauma
In a very rare tragedy, a man killed six people, including a child and baby, in Bourke Street Mall in Melbourne. Many others were injured. Lots of people laid flowers, left messages, donated money and handed out “trauma teddies” to support the victims and others affected by the attack.
MARCH, MAY & JUNE
Manchester and London attacks
In March, a man killed five people and injured many more on the Westminster Bridge in London. In May, an explosion after an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, England, led to the deaths of 22 people, including teenagers. Ariana Grande and other famous artists, including Justin Bieber and Miley Cyrus, held a concert in Manchester two weeks later to show that no one should be afraid. Less than a fortnight later that there was another attack in London.
New French president elected
Emmanuel Macron was elected France’s president, beating Marine Le Pen, who wanted to make strict rules about who could live there. Mr Macron says the country’s strength is the diversity of its culture.
Crinkling News is saved
Crinkling News needed help to keep publishing. Luckily it has the best readers and supporters who together raised more than $200,000 in two weeks. Supporters included parents, grandparents, journalists, teachers, politicians, singers, scientists, charities and kids donating their pocket money. We love our readers!
The United Kingdom voted in June 2016 to leave a partnership called the European Union, which allows people and goods to move freely around Europe.
British election backfires
The British prime minister, Theresa May, called an election because she thought it would make it easier for Britain to leave the European Union – Brexit. But her plan backfired when her party lost 13 seats, and its opposition, the Labour party, got much stronger.
There was a huge fire at Grenfell Tower, a high-rise apartment building in central London. It was thought that material used on the outside of the building to protect it from weather made the fire spread very quickly. Seventy-one people died in the blaze.
Harry Potter has a magical birthday
Fans around the world celebrated the Harry Potter series turning 20. The books, written by J.K. Rowling, have sold more than 450 million copies and been turned into eight movies.
Census paints a varied picture
The census, which is held every five years, painted a picture of what this country looks like by counting all Australians. The 2016 census found that about a quarter of Australia’s population – nearly six million people – are aged between 0 and 19. And nearly half of all Australian kids have a parent who was born overseas.
Weekend work gets cheaper
Penalty rates, the pay that people get when they work at weekends and on public holidays and late at night, were changed. The federal government said cutting how much money businesses had to pay their staff would help them stay open longer and employ more people, but many workers say they will struggle with being paid less.
Only one country to call their own
A Greens party politician, Scott Ludlam, became the first of many politicians to leave parliament after he found out he was a citizen not only of Australia, but of New Zealand too. You can’t be a citizen of any other country if you sit in federal parliament. Between July and December nine other politicians had to quit parliament, including the deputy prime minister, Barnaby Joyce (pictured), but he was re-elected on December 2.
Kids’ jails investigated
There was a big investigation, called a royal commission, into how children in jail were being treated in the Northern Territory. The commission found that kids weren’t being given enough water, were being punished with tear gas and were being put in isolation. The prime minister, Malcolm Turnbull, ordered the inquiry after the ABC made a program about the NT’s Don Dale detention centre.
Ice breaks free
An iceberg the size of Sydney broke off the Larsen C ice shelf in northern Antarctica. Luckily it won’t immediately increase sea levels because it was already floating. Scientists say the crack didn’t happen because of human-caused climate change, unlike an ice shelf that broke off in 2002.
Cassini, a seeing, smelling, listening and tasting spacecraft, transmitted its last information about Saturn back to Earth as it crashed into the frozen planet. This was all planned as part of its oneway mission, from which scientists found out more about the planet which has more than 60 moons!
No more climbing Uluru
It was announced on November 1 that visitors to Uluru will no longer be able to climb the sacred rock from October 2019. The Anangu community, the traditional owners of Uluru, say they won’t have to worry any more about people getting hurt climbing. They believe their ancient stories and culture are being disrespected when people climb.
MediaMe leads for literacy
Crinkling News held Australia’s first media literacy conference for kids in Sydney. Thirty-five media literacy leaders were chosen to discuss the media, and to share their ideas on how young people can better understand it. They spoke about how to spot things such as fake news and advertising, and created a national media literacy action plan.
Manus Island centre closes
Police moved the last 320 refugees out of the camp on the Papua New Guinea island into buildings in a nearby town after the detention centre was closed.
Mount Agung glows red
Bali was still anxiously waiting to see what the Indonesian volcano would do next, after it began erupting in late November. Flights were cancelled when Mount Agung put out a large cloud of volcanic ash. A 10-kilometre safety zone was created around it. The volcano last erupted 54 years ago.
After years of debate and a national vote carried out via the post, gay couples – two men or two women – were given the right to marry in Australia.
THROUGHOUT THE YEAR
North Korea puts on a show
North Korea tested more of its nuclear weapons to try to prove to the world how strong it is and how much military power it has. The US president, Donald Trump, said its leader, Kim JongUn, was “looking for trouble” and the US might have to do something to stop it building nuclear weapons.
The final words
Each year the people who publish dictionaries announce their words of the year. These are some of the choices for 2017:
Australian National Dictionary: Kwaussie
Collins Dictionary: fake news
Oxford Children’s: equality
– By Brittany Carr